1. Reduce Bruising and Swelling

  • Apply ice over the affecting area (off and on) for 24-48 hours. Apply ice for only 15 minutes at a time with something covering the ice such as a hand towel.
  • Make sure to relieve the affected area by resting it
  • Elevate the affected area, if possible
  1. Treat Symptoms

  • Treat symptoms with over-the-counter drugs such as: acetaminophen (Tylenol), or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) or naproxen (Alleve)


  • There is no risk of infection unless skin is punctured
  • Bruises are usually tender and red and can be painful
  • Coloration appears reddish and later will turn bluish purple within hours and after will turn yellow or green.

Call a Doctor

  • If bruise swells or there is extreme pain
  • If the patient is taking blood-thinning medication
  • Bruised face or head
  • Bruising for no reason
  • Unable to move joint
  • If a broken or fractured bone occurred
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