Treating Adults and Adolescents

  1. Check Responsiveness

  • Tap person’s shoulder and shout, “Are you okay?”
  • Check breathing – if no signs of life call 911
  • Begin Hands-Only CPR – you should not perform Hands-Only CPR on persons for drug-overdose, near-drowning or an unwitnessed reason – in such cases perform CPR conventionally with rescue breathing
  1. How to Chest Compressions

  • Place heel of hand on lower half of breastbone (center chest)
  • Lace fingers together with other hands on top of hand
  • With straight arms stay directly above hands
  • Push hard and fast with compression at least 2 inches
  • Allow full chest coils before repeated pushes
  • Keep compression rate at 100 per minute
  1. When to stop

  • Person breathes normally
  • EMS or trained responder arrives
  • Exhaustion overwhelms you
  • An automated external defibrillator (AED) arrives on scene
  1. Using an AED

  • Turn on – follow step-by-step instructions
  • Make sure chest is dry or wipe dry
  • Attach pad correctly
  • Plug in AED if it uses a cord instead of batteries
  • Make sure no one touches person by saying, “Clear” so that people know not to touch the person
  • Push “Analyze” if needed
  • If a “Shock” is needed attempt a “Shock”
  • Follow AED instruction and resume Hands-Only CPR if prompted

For video instruction watch this video from the American Heart Association.

Call 911

  • Person collapses
  • Person is unresponsive
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