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Knee joint problems and its treatment

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It is a common symptom in people of all ages. It can begin suddenly, often after an injury or exercise. Knee pain may also begin as a mild discomfort and then get intensified little by little.

Article:
Symptoms
The location and intensity of knee joint pain may vary depending on the cause of the problem. The signs and symptoms that sometimes accompany knee pain are:
●Inflammation and rigidity
●Redness and temperature to the touch
●Weakness or instability
●Sounds of clicking or cracking
●Inability to completely straighten the knee

Causes
Knee pain can be due to injuries, mechanical problems and some types of arthritis, among other problems.
●Injuries
An injury to the knee can affect any of the ligaments, tendons, or fluid-filled sacs (synovial bags) that surround the knee joint, as well as the bones, cartilage, and ligaments that make up the joint itself. Some of the most frequent knee injuries are:
Injury of the anterior cruciate ligament: The lesion of the anterior cruciate ligament is the tear of that ligament, which is one of the four ligaments that connect the tibia with the femur. Injury to the anterior cruciate ligament is particularly common in people who play basketball, soccer, or other sports that require sudden changes in direction.
Fractures: The bones of the knee, including the kneecap (patella) can break during a car collision or fall. Sometimes, people whose bones have been weakened by osteoporosis may suffer a knee fracture simply from stepping on it.
Meniscus tear: The meniscus is formed by a strong and rubbery cartilage, and acts as a shock absorber between the tibia and the femur. If you turn your knee suddenly while you carry weight on it, you can break your meniscus.
Bursitis of the knee: Some knee problem cause inflammation of the synovial pouches, which are small sacs of fluid that cushion the outside of the knee joint and allow the tendons and ligaments to slide smoothly over the joint.
Patellar tendonitis: Tendinitis is an irritation and inflammation of one or more tendons, which are the dense, fibrous tissues that bind muscles to bones. Those who run, practice skiing, do cycling or activities or sports that involve jumping are more likely to suffer from inflammation in the patellar tendon, which connects the quadriceps muscle in the front of the thigh with the tibia.

Treatment: The knee treatment varies according to the exact cause of the pain in the knee.
●Medicines: The doctor may prescribe some medications to relieve pain and to treat pre-existing conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis or gout.
●Therapy: Strengthening the muscles around the knee will make it more stable. New knee treatment is usually focused on the muscles of the front of the thigh (quadriceps) and the back of the thigh (hamstrings). It is also recommended to correct inappropriate movement patterns, as well as to establish what the correct technique to do the sport or the activity. In addition, exercises to improve balance are important.

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