Make sure to ask the patient if he/she is okay, before performing any tasks. Also, remember the ratio of chest compressions over breathing 30:2. Don't forget to Look, Listen and feel for breathing. Make sure to check for anything blocking the patient's airway. The rescuer may perform tasks simultaneously.

CPR for Infants (Age Less Than 1 Year, Excluding Newborns)
 Witnessed Collapse: call 911 or have someone call
 Un-Witnessed Collapse: perform CPR (for 2 minutes), call 911 or have someone call
 Chest compressions - 100-120/min
 Perform CPR - Circulate, Airway, Breathing (C-A-B’s)
 Compressions at about 1½ inches (4 cm) - 1/3 AP diameter of chest
 30:2 compressions over breaths (seal infant’s mouth and nose) - 2 Rescuers 15:2
 2 Rescuers: 2 thumbs compression
 Use AED as soon as it's available

Click for Summary of Infant CPR
CPR – Components for Infants (Age Less Than 1 Year, Excluding Newborns)

Scene safety

  1. Check the environment – making sure it’s safe for rescuers and victims

Recognition of cardiac arrest

  1. Check responsiveness
  2. No breathing or only gasping – ie., no normal breathing
  3. Within 10 seconds – no positive pulse
    1. (You can check for a pulse and breathing simultaneously in less than 10 seconds)

Activation of emergency response system

  • Witnessed collapse
    1. Leave the victim, if you’re alone without a mobile phone, and activate the emergency response system while retrieving an AED before performing CPR
  • Unwitnessed collapse
    1. Give 2 minutes of CPR
    2. Activate the emergency response system, get an AED and return to the victim
    3. Resume CPR; use the AED as soon as it is available

Compression- ventilation ratio without advanced airway

  • 1 rescuer
    30:2
  • 2 or more rescuers
    15:2

Compression- ventilation ratio with advanced airway

  • Chest compressions – 100-120/min
  • Give 1 breath every 6 seconds (10 breaths/min)

Compression rate

  • 100-120/min

Compression depth

  • At least 1/3 AP diameter of chest
  • About 1½ inches (4 cm)

Hand placement

  • 1 rescuer
    Just below the nipple line – 2 fingers in center of chest
  • 2 or more rescuers
    2 thumb–encircling hands in the center of the chest, just below the nipple line Just below the nipple line – encircling hands (2 thumbs) in center of chest

Chest recoil

  • Make sure not to lean on the chest of the victim – Allow a full recoil after each chest compression

Minimizing interruptions

  • Compression interruptions – limit to less than 10 seconds

CPR for Children (Age 1 Year to Puberty)
 Witnessed Collapse: call 911 or have someone call
 Un-Witnessed Collapse: perform CPR (for 2 minutes), call 911 or have someone call
 Chest compressions - 100-120/min
 Perform CPR - Circulate, Airway, Breathing (C-A-B’s)
 Compressions at about 2 inches (5 cm) - 1/3 AP diameter of chest
 30:2 compressions over breaths - 2 Rescuers 15:2
 2 Rescuers: Perform tasks simultaneously
 Use AED as soon as it's available

Click for Summary of Child CPR
CPR – Components for Children (Age 1 Year to Puberty)

Scene safety

  1. Check the environment – making sure it’s safe for rescuers and victims

Recognition of cardiac arrest

  1. Check responsiveness
  2. No breathing or only gasping – ie., no normal breathing
  3. Within 10 seconds – no positive pulse
    1. (You can check for a pulse and breathing simultaneously in less than 10 seconds)

Activation of emergency response system

  • Witnessed collapse
    1. Leave the victim, if you’re alone without a mobile phone, and activate the emergency response system while retrieving an AED before performing CPR
  • Unwitnessed collapse
    1. Give 2 minutes of CPR
    2. Activate the emergency response system, get an AED and return to the victim
    3. Resume CPR; use the AED as soon as it is available

Compression- ventilation ratio without advanced airway

  • 1 rescuer
    30:2
  • 2 or more rescuers
    15:2

Compression- ventilation ratio with advanced airway

  • Chest compressions – 100-120/min
  • Give 1 breath every 6 seconds (10 breaths/min)

Compression rate

  • 100-120/min

Compression depth

  • At least 1/3 AP diameter of chest
  • About 2 inches (5 cm)

Hand placement

  • 1 or 2 hands can be used (optional for small children)
  • On the lower half of the breastbone (sternum)

Chest recoil

  • Make sure not to lean on the chest of the victim – Allow a full recoil after each chest compression

Minimizing interruptions

  • Compression interruptions – limit to less than 10 seconds

CPR for Adults & Adolescents
 Check for life
 Before performing CPR call 911 or have someone else call
 Chest compressions - 100-120/min
 2 Rescuers: Perform tasks simultaneously
 Perform CPR – Circulate, Airway, Breathing (C-A-B’s)
 Compressions at about 2 inches (5 cm)
 1 or 2 rescuers - 30:2 compressions over breaths
 Use AED as soon as it's available

Click for Summary of Adult & Adolescent CPR
CPR – Components for Adults & Adolescents

Scene safety

  1. Check the environment – making sure it’s safe for rescuers and victims

Recognition of cardiac arrest

  1. Check responsiveness
  2. No breathing or only gasping – ie., no normal breathing
  3. Within 10 seconds – no positive pulse
    1. (You can check for a pulse and breathing simultaneously in less than 10 seconds)

Activation of emergency response system

  • If you do not have a mobile phone – leave the victim and activate the emergency response system while retrieving an AED before performing CPR.
  • Have someone activate the emergency response system. Perform CPR immediately and use the AED as it becomes available.

Compression- ventilation ratio without advanced airway

  • 1 or 2 rescuers – 30:2

Compression- ventilation ratio with advanced airway

  • Chest compressions – 100-120/min
  • Give 1 breath every 6 seconds (10 breaths/min)

Compression rate

  • 100-120/min

Compression depth

  • At least 2 inches (5 cm)

Hand placement

  • 2 hands on the breastbone (sternum) on the lower half

Chest recoil

  • Make sure not to lean on the chest of the victim – Allow a full recoil after each chest compression

Minimizing interruptions

  • Compression interruptions – limit to less than 10 seconds

Rescuers should never

  • Compress slower than 100/min or faster than 120/min
  • Compress in-depth less than 2 inches (5 cm) or more than 2.4 (6 cm)
  • Lean on victim’s chest during compressions
  • Allow interruption during compressions more than 10 seconds
  • Provide excessive ventilation during breathing task, ie., excessive breathing with force or too many breaths

Congratulations! You've just finished the Course. You can now take the Exam!

Example Clips Below
Which type of training are you searching for?

Share with your friends and help them