Automated External Defibrillator (AED) Guidelines

When should an AED be used?

CPR is a very important action for saving a patient’s life. However, an AED is crucial towards regaining the natural rhythm of the heartbeat as well as restarting the patient’s heart. After performing CPR and if the patient is still non-responsive an AED should be implemented. If the AED does not bring the patient back to consciousness CPR should be re-administered. It’s crucial to call 911 or any Emergency Medical Service (EMS) before performing CPR or applying an AED.

How to use an AED

Turn on the AED – Usually, there will be an On button but in some cases, there might be a lever. Make sure to remove all clothing from the arms, chest and abdomen whether male or female. Attach pads to bare skin on the chest. Make sure to use the appropriate system for children or adults. Place the left pad under the left armpit to the left of the nipple. Place the right pad under the collarbone on the right side of the chest. Make sure to put the pads at least one inch away from any implanted devices.

For Infants

If the pads are able to touch make sure to place one pad directly on the back of the infant.

Next, connect the wiring

Analyze the patient’s heart rhythm. Make sure you DO NOT touch the patient during the defibrillator process. If the AED does not begin analyzing automatically, make sure to press the analyze button. Push the shock button if and when advised. Clean the patient and area of any debris such as metal, significant amounts of water, etc., before using an AED.

Newer AED’s only shock once; however, some models do shock up to 3 times. If the patient is shocked but doesn’t regain a pulse immediately, perform CPR for 2 minutes.

Note: Before using an AED, physical training is recommended.

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